|Okaigan||Big Enlightenment OR Big eye opening (zen meaning)|
|Yasuhiro Konishi Sr.||Founder of Shindo Jinen Ryu. Born 1893-1983 (born in Takamatsu Kagawa, Japan)|
|Yasuhiro Konishi Jr.||10th Dan. Born May 25, 1931 in Tokyo, Japan Current Chief Inst.|
|Kiyoshi Yamazaki||Born August 16, 1940 in ChibaPrefecture, Japan. Current International Director of the Japan Karate-Do Ryobu-Kai. 7th DanWKF Kumite Referee, WKF Kata Judge, WKF Technical Committee member, member of the USA-NKF technical Committee (for both Kata and Dan testing)|
|Ryobu-Kan||Headquarters In Tokyo, Japan "The House of Martial Arts Excellence"|
|Shindo Jinen Ryu||"Natural Way Karate" or (godly, natural style, complete empty-handed way)|
|Shotokan||House of Shoto/Pine Sea Style|
|USA-NKF USA National Karate Federation.||The National Governing Body for the Sport of Karate in the United States. In 1996 the (USOC) United States Olympic Committee sanctioned the USA-NKF as a member.|
|WKF||World Karate Federation.|
|Sensei Mary Crawford's Instructors||Yasuhiro Konishi Jr..-Sensei Kiyoshi Yamazaki-Sensei|
|Shuri-Te||Old name for the Shotokan Style|
|Gichin Funakoshi||Founder of Shotokan Karate|
|Budo||Martial Way (to prevent violence|
|Gashuku||The gathering of an entire dojo for training|
|Karate-Do||The Way of Karate|
|Bunkai||Formal application of Kata techniques|
|OYO||The full analysis; multiple applications; alternate meanings|
|O' Sensei||"O" Means "Great"|
|Shihan||Master Instructor 6th Dan or higher|
|Ikken Hissatsu||To kill with one blow|
|Osu||Used for respect of acknowledgement (only in the dojo)|
|Sun-Dome||End technique 3cm. Before point of contact|
|Dojo||School or training hall|
|Kyu||Colored Belt Level|
|Dan||Black Belt Rank|
|Embusen||Performance Line of a kata|
|Gedan||Low Level/Belt or groin area|
|Jiyu Kumite||Free style sparring|
|Ippon Kumite||One-Step Sparring|
|Gohan Kumite||Five-Step Sparring|
|Mokuso||Deep breathing meditation|
|Keiretsu||Line up by rank|
|Naore||Return to Shizen-tai (ready position)|
|Shomen Ni Rei||Bow to the front (of the dojo)|
|Sensei Ni Rei||Bow to the Sensei|
|Otaigai Ni Rei||Bow to one another|
|Seiza||Formal Japanese Sitting Position|
|Kamae-te||Guard up/fighting position|
|Mawatte (Kaette)||Turn around|
|Naname||45 Degree Angle|
|Motono ichi||Original Position|
|KI HA KU||Projection of Spirit "KI"|
|Zenkutsu Dachi||Front Stance|
|Kokutsu Dachi||Back Stance|
|Kiba Dachi||Straddle Stance|
|Shiko Dachi||Square Stance- Feet point at 45 degree angle|
|Fudo Dachi||Fighting Stance- aka "Rooted Stance"|
|Musubi Dachi||Informal Attention Stance (Heels together-V) (Bowing Stance)|
|Heisoku Dachi||Parralel Attention Stance-Feet together|
|Hachiji Dachi||Ready Stance-Feet Apart (Yoi Position)|
|Shizen-Tai Dachi||Natural Stance-Feet Apart|
|Gyaku Hanmi Dachi||Reverse Half Front Facing Position (Heian Nidan)|
|Neko Ashi Dachi||Cat Stance|
|Kosa Dachi||Cross Legged Stance|
|Hangetsu Dachi||Wide Hourglass Stance (Hangetsu/Half Moon)|
|Sanchin Dachi||Hourglass Stance|
|Sochin Dachi||Diagonal Straddle Stance|
|Tsuru Dachi||One legged Stance (Gankaku)|
|Renoji Dachi||"L" Stance|
|Sagi Ashi Dachi||Crane Stance (Jitte)|
|Age Uke||Rising Block|
|Gedan Uke||Down Block|
|Soto Ude Uke||Outside Forearm Block|
|Uchi Ude Uke||Inside Forearm Block|
|Shuto Uke||Knife Hand Block|
|Morote Uke||Augmented Block|
|Juji Uke||"X" Block|
|Gyaku Uke||Reverse -Form Block|
|Yama Uke||Mountain Block|
|Kakiwake Uke||Wedge Block|
|Gedan Shuto Uke||Low Knife Hand Block|
|Teisho Uke||Palm Heel Block|
|Tate Shuto Uke||Vertical Knife Hand Block|
|Haishu Uke||Back-Hand Block|
|Nagashi Uke||Sweeping Block (Heian Nidan)|
|Haiwan Nagashi Uke||Back of fore-arm Block (Heian Yodan)|
|Osae Uke||Pressing Block (Heian Godan)|
|Kake Uke||Hooking Block (Heian Godan) (Tekki Shodan)|
|Gyaku Zuki||Reverse Punch|
|Oi Zuki||Lunge Punch|
|Ren Zuki||Double Punch|
|San Zuki||Triple Punch|
|Choku Zuki||Straight Punch|
|Oi Gyaku Zuki||Lunging Reverse Punch|
|Kage Zuki||Hook Punch (Heian Godan)|
|Morote Zuki||Two Hand Punch|
|Yama Zuki||"U" Punch|
|Tate Zuki||Vertical Punch (Heian Nidan)|
|Nagashi Zuki||Flowing Punch (Heian Godan)|
|Ippon Ken Zuki||Single-Point Fist Punch (Hangetsu)|
|Hasami Zuki||Scissors Punch (Chinte)|
|Nakadate Zuki||Middle Finger Punch (Chinte)|
|Mae Geri Keage||Front Snap Kick|
|Mae Geri Kekome||Front Thurst Kick|
|Mawashi Geri||Roundhouse Kick|
|Yoko Geri Keage||Side Snap Kick|
|Yoko Geri Kekome||Side Thrust Kick|
|Ushiro Geri||Back Thrust Kick|
|Nidan Geri||Double Kick|
|Fumikomi Geri||Stomping Kick|
|Soto Mikazuki Geri||Outside crescent Kick|
|Uchi Mikazuki Geri||Inside Crescent Kick|
|Gyaku Mawashi Geri||Reverse Round Kick|
|Mae Tobi Geri||Flying Front Kick|
|Yoko Tobi Geri||Flying Side Kick|
|Mawashi Tobi Geri||Flying Round Kick|
|Ono Geri||Axe Kick|
|Hiza Geri||Knee Kick/Strike|
|Nami Ashi Geri||Returning Wave Kick (Tekki)|
|Mae Empi Uchi||Front Elbow Strike|
|Mawashi Empi Uchi||Round Elbow Strike|
|Yoko Empi Uchi||Side Elbow Strike|
|Otoshi Empi Uchi||Downward Elbow Strike|
|Ippon Nukite||Single Finger Strike|
|Nihon Nukite||Two Finger Strike (fork to the eyes)|
|Shihon Nukite||Four Point Spear Strike|
|Haito Uchi||Ridge Hand Strike|
|Uchi Haito Uchi||nside Ridge Hand Strike|
|Hiza Uchi||Knee Strike|
|Kumade Uchi||Bear Claw Strike|
|Tettsui Uchi||Hammer Fist Strike|
|Tiesho Uchi||Palm Heel Strike|
|Uraken Uchi||Back Fist Strike|
|Soto Shuto Uchi||Outside Knife-Hand Strike|
|Uchi Shuto Uchi||Inside Knife-Hand Strike|
|Hiraken Uchi||Fore-Knuckle Strike|
|Ippon Ken Uchi||One Knuckle Strike (Chinte)|
|Washide Uchi||Eagle-beak Hand Strike|
|Haishu Uchi||Back Hand Strike|
|Seiryuto Uchi||Ox-jaw Hand Strike (Empi)|
|Aka||Red (Also used in Tournament Kumite)|
|Kyosen/Suigetsu||Solar Plexus/Bottom of Sternum|
|Haisoku||Top of the Foot|
|Kakato||Heel of the Foot|
|Koshi||Ball of the Foot|
|Ensho||Back of the Heel|
|Tate Ken||Vertical Fist|
|Sokuto||Knife edge of the Foot|
|Haishu||Back of Hand|
|Koshi no Kaiten||Hip Rotation|
|Taikyoku -Shodan, Nidan, Sandan||First Cause - Level 1,2,3|
|Heian- Shodan, Nidan, Sandan, Yodan, Godan||Long lasting peace. "Hei " is peace and "an" is stable, safe, or relief. Sensei Anko Itosu created these kata's and named them Heian - Level 1,2,3,4,5|
|Tekki Shodan||Iron Knight - First level|
|Bassai-Dai||To Penetrate a Fortress|
|Jion||A Buddest Temple in China; Compassion|
|Empi||The Flight of the Swallow|
|Kanku-Sho||Look to the Void; To View the Heavens|
|Tekki Nidan||Iron Knight - Second Level|
|Bassai-Sho||To Penetrate a Fortress|
|Gankaku||Crane on a Rock|
|Jiin||In the Shade of Compassion. "JI" means compassion and "IN" means in the shadow or shade|
|Sochin||To Keep the Peace|
|Gojushiho-Sho||Fifty-Four Step (or directions)|
|Gojoshiho-Dai||Fifty-Four Step (or directions)|
|Meikyo||Bright Mirror or Clear Mirror|
in 1922, brought this kata to Japan. The main value of each kata is expressed.
The 15 Basic, Original,
|Heian Shodan||Front Stance, back stance, stepping patterns, lunge punch|
|Heian Nidan||Front kick, side kick while changing directions|
|Heian Sandan||Body connections in forearm blocking, back-fist strike|
|Heian Yodan||Balance and variation in technique|
|Heian Godan||Balance and jumping|
|Tekki Shodan||Straddle leg stance-hip vibration|
|Tekki Nidan||Grasping and hooking blocks|
|Tekki Sandan||Continuous middle level blocking|
|Bassai-Dai||Changing disadvantage into advantage by use of switching blocks and differing degrees of power|
|Kanku-Dai||Variation in fast and slow techniques, jumping|
|Jion||Turning, shifting, variations in stepping patterns|
|Jutte||Powerful hip action, use of the staff|
|Empi||Fast slow movements, high and low body positions, reversal of body positions|
|Hangetsu||Inside tension stance, coordination of breathing with stepping, blocking and punching; circular arm and leg movements|
|Gankaku||Balancing on one leg; side kick; back fist strike|
WKF Referee Terms
|Shobu Hajime||Start the match or bout|
|Tsuzukete||Fight on (unauthorized Interruption)|
|Tsuzukete Hajime||Resume Fighting, Begin!|
|Torimasen||Unacceptable as a scoring techniques|
|Aiuchi||Simultaneous Scoring technique|
|Aka (Shiro) No Kachi||Red (Blue) wins|
|Aka (Shiro) Sanbon||Red (Blue) scores three points|
|Aka (Shiro) Nihon||Red (Blue) scores two points|
|Aka (Shiro) Ippon||Red (Blue) scores one points|
|Chukoku||First category warning I or category II warning with out penalty|
|Keikoku||Warning with Ippon penalty|
|Hansoku-Chui||Warning with Nihon penalty|
|Jogai||Exit from the match area|
|Mienai||Did not see|
|Atoshi Baraku||a little more time left|
|Moto No Ichi||Original Position|
|Encho-Sen||Extension of the bout|
|SEEK PERFECTION OF CHARACTER|
|DEFEND THE PATH OF TRUTH|
|ENDEAVOR TO EXCEL|
|REFRAIN FROM VIOLENT BEHAVIOR|
|KNEELING IN SEIZA||Place your left knee on the floor, then the right knee. Sit down on your feet. The toes overlap (either one on top) Keep your back straight and shoulders relaxed. Rest each hand on your thighs (fingers together).|
|BOWING IN SEIZA||Slide your left hand to the floor first, in front of your knee, then do the same with your right. (Palms touching the floor). Bow at the waist, the forehead comes close to the floor but does not touch. When you sit back up place your left hand on your left thigh first then your right.|
|FORMAL BOW-Beginning of Class||The Senior student or Sensei will call out "Narande" or line up. Students stand shoulder to shoulder, even lines, facing the front of the dojo in belt order. The senior student calls out "Seiza" The senior student calls out "Mokusou" (meditation-lower head/and or close eyes) The senior student calls out "Mokusou yame" The senior student calls out " Shomen ni rei" (Bow to the front of the room) The senior student calls out " Sensei ni rei" (Bow to the sensei) (When bowing to sensei you may say, "onegaishimas" translates to Please teach me/please hold class) or you may say, "Osu")|
|FORMAL BOW-Ending of Class||Same as opening except after mediation ends "Mokusou yame" the class recites the DOJO KUN. Also when you bow to the Sensei you may say, "arigatoh gozaimas" which means, Thank you.|
The karate dojo is a formal place to practice karate. It is important to respect the environment, its surroundings, and fellow karatekas.
Bow before entering and exiting the dojo. It is also polite to bow when addressing the Sensei, a senior ranking student, and when beginning practice with another student.
Have respect for other students and the people instructing.
No talking during class.
No running in the dojo.
Gum chewing or food is not allowed in the dojo.
All students 1st blue and above must wear a karate gi. The gi should be clean with no holes, stains, etc. Students may wear a black gi to class; however, black uniforms are not allowed during testing, tournaments and demonstrations.
Students should be bare foot during class, unless they have some type of foot problem that requires them to wear shoes. Please advise the Sensei as to the nature of your problem and agree on the proper type of shoe to wear.
Hats, sun glasses, bracelets, watches, long earrings, rings, or necklaces are not allowed during practice. This is for the safety of the student, other students, and prevents damage to the articles mentioned. A watch may be worn looped around your belt, if you want to risk it. We prefer no headbands; however, if you need one to absorb sweat, a small, white, cotton headband that slips over the head with no ties is permitted.
Keep finger and toe nails trimmed for your safety and the safety of others.
Never wash a karate belt; this is disrespectful. A belt should fade with time, not with the washing machine.
Kiyoshi Yamazaki Sensei, the son of a kendo teacher, was born in the Chiba Prefecture, Japan, on August 16, 1940. His martial arts training began during his childhood days under his father. In 1956, he joined Konishi Sensei's Ryobu-Kan. He received his first teaching license for karate in 1962. In the same year he had extensive kobudo training with Shugoro Nakazato, the current grand master of Kobayashi Shorin-Ryu, in Okinawa. He attended Senshu University and joined the Shotokai organization there, under the instruction of Hironishi Motonobu, a student of Funakoshi Sensei. During his university days, Kiyoshi Yamazaki continued to train with Konishi Sensei as often as possible.
After graduating from Senshu University in 1964 with a degree in Economics, he continued to train at the Ryobu-Kan. He trained so often under Konishi Sensei that eventually asked to assist Konishi Sensei in demonstrations and seminars world wide. During these trips, Yamazaki met many prominent instructors in the martial arts, including Koga Ryu Ninja 13th headmaster Seiko Fujita, Kobayashi Shrorin-Ryu master Chibana Chosin, and the heads of Nanban Sato Ryu, Mr. So and Mr. Chin.
Yamazaki Sensei moved to the United States in 1969. He first started teaching at Citrus College in Azusa, California. He later opened a dojo in Anaheim, Califronia and partiipated in karate demonstrations with Fumio Demura at the Japanese Village and Deer Park in Buena Park, California.
Today, in addition to teaching at his dojo in Anaheim, he maintains a very busy schedule promoting the philosophy of Shindo Jinen Ryu and supervising and developing all the schools of Japan Karate-Do Ryobu-Kai outside Japan. In addition to karate and kobudo, Yamazaki Sensei Is an accomplished exponent in Iaido in the traditions of Omori-Ryu and Kashima Shinto-Ryu.
Yamazaki Sensei is the current chairman of the USA-National Karate Do Federation's technical Committee. He is also a technical committee member of the World Karate Federation (WKF). As an official with WKF, he travels the world assisting in the coordination of Karate as a future event in the Olympics.
His expertise in the martial arts has attracted producers in Hollywood; he has served as a technical advisor, instructor, and even acted in several movies. His celebrity students include Steven Seagal, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Sting, Richard Hatch, Sandal Bergman, Wilt Chamberlain, Bridget Nelson, Grace Jones, and Dennis Quaid. The most recent credit in the big screen is the movie "Dragon Heart".
Ryu was founded by Yasuhiro Konishi, who was born in 1893 in Takamatsu,
Kagawa, Japan. Konishi Sensei began his martial arts training at age 6 in
Muso Ryu Jujitsu. When he entered the equivalent of a western high school,
he began training in Takenouchi Ryu jujitsu. This particular jujitsu style
is known for its strong kicks and punches, very similar to karate. At age
13, while practicing jujitsu, Konishi Sensei began studying kendo as well.
In 1915, he commenced studies at Keio University in Tokyo. While average
tenure at university is four years, Konishi Sensei remained at Keio University
for eight years because of his love for kendo and jujitsu. He was Keio University's
kendo team captain, and continued coaching the university's kendo club after
Konishi Sensei's first exposure to "Te" (which later developed into karate) was through a fellow classmate at Keio University, Tsuneshige Arakaki of Okinawa. Konishi Sensei found the techniques of "Te" (as referred to by Arakaki) very similar to those of Takeuchi Ryu jujitsu. Though Arakaki was in no way a master of "Te", Konishi Sensei found the system to be very intriguing.
After graduating from the University, he became a salary man. However, he was not completely satisfied with his occupation. With encouragement from his wife, he quit his job and opened his own martial arts center in 1923 and called it the Ryobu-Kan ("The House of Martial Arts Excellence"), teaching mainly kendo and jujitsu.
In September, 1924, Hironishi Ohtsuka, the founder of the Wado-Ryu style of karate, and Gichin Funakoshi, the founder of Shotokan karate, came to the kendo training hall at Keio University. They approached Konishi Sensei with a letter of introduction from Professor Kasuya of Keio University. Mr. Funakoshi asked if it would be possible to use the training hall to practice Ryukyu Kempo To-te jutsu. During this era, it was unheard of for one martial arts school to allow a martial arts teacher from another system to teach in their dojo. Such a request would be considered a "challenge" to the dojo. Konishi Sensei, however, was a visionary in the sense that he saw value in cross-training; he remembered the kata demonstrated during his university days by Arakaki, and he agreed to Funakoshi Sensei's request.
With Konishi Sensei's help, Funakoshi established a To-te practice club at Keio University (the first university karate club in Japan). Konishi Sensei, Funakoshi Sensei, and Ohtsuka Sensei were the principal instructors. Konishi Sensei continued to instruct a curriculum consisting of kendo, jujitsu, and western boxing at the Ryobu-Kan. Karate-jutsu was born when Funakoshi Sensei added karate to this mix. As yet, no names were applied to the emerging styles.
Groups that practiced a pure form of jujitsu did not think highly of karate, and challenged Funakoshi Sensei. However, under Japanese budo, one does not initially challenge the Master of a particular school or style; a challenge is first issued to the senior student. If the challenger defeats the senior student, then he can challenge the Master. If the challenger defeats the Master, he can take the dojo sign as a trophy - a very embarrassing situation for the defeated dojo, and one never experienced by Ryobu-Kan. All challengers of karate were defeated by Konishi Sensei and Ohtsuka Sensei, as Funakoshi's senior students.
After a challenge had been met, Funakoshi Sensei would explain karate-jutsu, and highlight the mental and spiritual benefits of the style. Many listeners understood and agreed to the point that they switched styles to study karate.
During this time, there was an ongoing philosophical debate among martial artists as to the definition of budo. Some believed budo required the death of the opponent; others, that budo meant supporting or educating the opponent in the proper ways. Funakoshi Sensei always taught budo as technique and education. Konishi Sensei especially believed "Bu bun ryo do", translated as "For karate to be perfect, it cannot be just technique, but also education." As technique disciplines the body, education should discipline the mind. Thus Konishi Sensei believed that Budo involves educating the opponent.
Over time, three major changes occurred in Funakoshi's original karate teachings. First, because karate was introduced to the Japanese physical education program at the elementary school level, Funakoshi Sensei assigned Japanese names to replace the Okinawan names of the various kata, making karate easier to learn.
The second change was the addition of ippon kumite to karate training. At first, karate training was primarily the practice of kata. Konishi Sensei contended that training in kata alone was not sufficient to develop the whole person. Other forms of "Do", such as kendo and Judo, had training methods that included application of techniques with partners. Konishi Sensei and Ohtsuka Sensei added ippon kumite to the training regimen.
The third major change occurred in the kanji of "karate". The original kanji used to write "karate" meant "Chinese hand", indicating the source of the techniques. In 1929, teachers and students in the Keio University's Karate Research Group discussed the translation of the kanji for karate, and agreed to change the kanji of "karate" to mean "Empty Hand". They contend that this new kanji was a better representation of what karate had developed into. This change was adopted over the protests of many Okinawans, but remains the accepted translation to this day.
Karate gradually became more popular and many masters from Okinawa began to visit Japan. Because of Konishi Sensei's open-mindedness, many well-known budoka visited Ryobu-Kan during this era, exchanging techniques. Among them were: Kenwa Mabuni (founder of Shito-Ryu Karate), Chojun Miyagi (founder of Goju-Ryu Karate), and Choki Motobu. These three masters influenced Konishi Sensei in various ways and made definitive contributions to Konishi Sensei's emerging style.
Konishi Sensei considered Choki Motobu to be a martial arts genius and made every effort to train with him. Motobu Sensei's specialty was the Naifanchin kata. As a teacher, he knew many kata, but would only teach them when his student had mastered Naifanchin. Through training in this kata he became famous for scooping his opponent's leg. Although physically a big man, Mr. Motobu was very light on his feet, which may be the reason why he was so successful in challenging other martial artists to kumite. His teaching to Konishi Sensei emphasized footwork and the use of Ki. Motobu Sensei didn't speak Japanese very well, and relied on friends to translate for him when he taught. He was not wealthy and had difficulty supporting himself during his visits to Japan. Konishi Sensei organized the Choki Motobu Support Society and arranged for seminars and training sessions at which Motobu Sensei was able to collect fees. Konishi Sensei accompanied Motobu Sensei to many training sessions in order to assist him in explaining the concepts and techniques of karate.
Chojun Miyagi by all accounts did not talk very much. He was famous for his big hands and his teisho uchi (palm strike), and was noted for grabbing and pulling very strongly. Though Konishi Sensei did not train with Miyagi Sensei as much as with other karate masters, Miyagi Sensei did impact Konishi Sensei's knowledge of karate by presenting Konishi Sensei with an original manuscript, An Outline of Karate-Do, dated March 23, 1934. This document has only recently been translated into English and is now available world-wide.
Konishi Sensei trained extensively with Kenwa Mabuni, the founder of Shito-Ryu. Mabuni Sensei resided at Konishi Sensei's house for about ten months from 1927-28. They became very close friends. Mabuni Sensei was celebrated for the wide number of kata which he knew and performed with great elegance and calm. Konishi Sensei developed the kata Seiryu in collaboration with Mabuni Sensei. Kenwa Mabuni's influence in Shindo Jinen Ryu is evident in the kata syllabus of Ryobu-Kai.